Richard Dawkins (BBC Documentary)
Richard Dawkins is the author of a number of internationally best-selling books about evolutionary biology including The Selfish Gene (1976; second edition, 1989), The Extended Phenotype (1982), The Blind Watchmaker (1986), River Out of Eden (1995), Climbing Mount Improbable (1996), and Unweaving the Rainbow (1998). And, of course, he represents a school of Darwinian orthodoxy that dominates all biological sciences. Dawkins is best known for ‚the selfish gene.“ Unfortunately, like other catch phrases, its very wording could have a negative connotation, does not itself impart any transparent meaning that is not easily subject to misinterpretation, or deliberate mischief by opponents. In this way, it shares equal billing with ’survival of the fittest.‘ Traditional Darwinism tended to look at entire organisms and to accept that a „survival of the fittest“ organism (as a gatherer of food) took place. If the gene was now considered to be the focus of many most decisive struggles where the only „fittest“ would survive then genes stood to replace organisms as the real unit in any evolutionary struggle. Commentators in the documentary suggest that altruism seen in many species (including humans) may be a contradiction of the selfish gene theory and that contraception seems directly opposed to it. Are they that opaque or just creating straw men that they hope the audience sees through? Altruism ensures that offspring along with the social and culture ideas of individuals survive.