DNA – The Secret of Life (PBS Documentary)
Specifically, it was a race between two teams of young scientists working in Britain, as well as the esteemed chemist Linus Pauling, based in California. Already a Nobel laureate, Pauling may have been the favorite, but the discovery would ultimately be made by his British counterparts. Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins were trying to identify the structure by studying X-ray diffractions of the DNA molecule. But Jim Watson and Francis Crick studied a little bit of everything — including, to the consternation of some, the work of their competitors. A few have gone so far as to accuse Watson of stealing Franklin’s X-ray work. In any case, Waston and Crick’s inquisitive working style ultimately allowed them to determine the DNA structure first, in 1953 — an achievement that led to their Nobel Prize in 1962. Meanwhile, Franklin passed away in 1958 from cancer.
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